Advanced Life Support (ALS) Level 3 (VTQ)

117 videos, 6 hours and 42 minutes

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Introduction to the ABCDE Approach

Video 17 of 117
2 min 21 sec
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ABCDE Approach in Patient Care

Understanding the ABCDE Approach

When providing care for a patient, the standard ABCDE approach is essential. This approach aligns with critical care protocols and ensures a systematic assessment and treatment plan. ABCDE stands for:

  • Airway
  • Breathing
  • Circulation
  • Disability
  • Exposure

Initial Assessment

Before delving into the ABCDE breakdown, it's crucial to perform a comprehensive initial assessment and conduct regular reassessments. Prioritize addressing life-threatening issues before moving on to other aspects of the assessment. Continuously evaluate the impact of the treatments you administer.

Calling for Assistance

Early intervention is paramount. Don't hesitate to call for help, whether it's summoning an ambulance or a resuscitation team. Enlist the aid of bystanders to assist and manage the situation. When professional help arrives, ensure effective communication and coordination to facilitate simultaneous monitoring and treatment.

Initial Treatment Goals

The primary objective of initial treatments is to preserve the patient's life and achieve some degree of clinical improvement. This buys time for further treatment and the arrival of expert assistance. Keep in mind that it may take a few minutes for treatments to take effect, so maintain composure and remain vigilant.

Adaptability of the ABCDE Approach

The beauty of the ABCDE approach lies in its universal applicability, regardless of your level of clinical training and experience. The extent of your assessment and the treatments administered will depend on your knowledge and skills. If you encounter a problem or uncertainty, don't hesitate to seek assistance.

Initial Stages Overview

Prior to diving into the ABCDE approach, it's essential to adhere to certain initial stages:

  • Ensure Personal Safety: Always prioritize your own safety.
  • General Patient Assessment: Observe the patient's overall appearance. Assess their consciousness level by asking questions like, "How are you?" If the patient is unresponsive, gently tap them and inquire, "Are you all right?" Lack of response can be indicative of critical illness.
  • Early Vital Signs Monitoring: Attach devices like a pulse oximeter, ECG monitor, and non-invasive blood pressure monitor as early as possible. If trained, insert an intravenous cannula promptly.