Advanced Life Support (ALS) Level 3 (VTQ)

117 videos, 6 hours and 42 minutes

Course Content

Adult CPR Theory

Video 61 of 117
2 min 19 sec
Want to watch this video? Sign up for the course or enter your email below to watch one free video.

Unlock This Video Now for FREE

This video is normally available to paying customers.
You may unlock this video for FREE. Enter your email address for instant access AND to receive ongoing updates and special discounts related to this topic.

Understanding Vital CPR Techniques

The Critical Moment: When the Heart Stops

Explore the urgency of responding when the heart ceases to function and the impact on vital organs.

Immediate Consequences

When the heart stops:

  • Blood Pressure Plummets: Blood pressure drops to zero almost instantly.
  • Cessation of Organ Perfusion: Vital organs, including the brain, heart, and kidneys, lose blood supply.
  • Rapid Unconsciousness: The patient quickly loses consciousness, moving towards a critical state.

The Life-Saving Role of CPR

Understanding CPR

Learn how CPR replicates the heart's function in circulating blood, oxygen, and nutrients.

The Technique

Perform CPR by:

  • Identifying the Sternum: Locate the sternum, the central bone of the chest.
  • Proper Hand Placement: Position hands on the lower half of the sternum.
  • Effective Compression: Apply pressure to compress the heart between the breastbone and spinal column.

How CPR Works

Understanding the heart's structure:

  • The Heart's Chambers: It's a hollow organ with four chambers.
  • Valve Function: Intricate valves permit blood flow in one direction.
  • Efficient Blood Flow: CPR mimics natural circulation, driven by valve function.

Optimizing Chest Compressions

Key points in chest compression:

  • Compression Rate: Perform at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute.
  • Enhancing Organ Perfusion: Aim to boost brain and organ blood flow as close to normal as possible.

Incorporating Ventilations

Supplementing chest compressions:

  • Oxygenation of Lungs: Provide efficient ventilation to enable oxygen exchange and carbon dioxide removal.

Continuing the Lifesaving Effort

By executing effective chest compressions and ventilations, we replicate heart and lung functions until defibrillation or the return of spontaneous circulation occurs.